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Dentistry

Just like in humans, dogs and cats are susceptible to plaque and tartar build-up that can lead to gingivitis and periodontitis, a chronic form of the disease that can be painful.

Periodontal disease, which includes gingivitis and periodontitis, is an inflammation and/or infection of the gums and bone around dog’s teeth. It’s caused by bacteria that accumulate in the mouth, forming soft plaque that later hardens into tartar. If untreated, periodontal disease can eventually lead to tooth loss.

Over time, plaque and tartar build-up can lead to inflammation of the gums around the dog’s teeth—gingivitis.

Periodontitis is a potentially irreversible infection that if left untreated, can result in the destruction of gum and bone and other tissues around the teeth. In most severe cases, periodontitis can ultimately lead to loss of teeth, fracture of the jawbones, and other serious consequences that can dramatically impact quality of life and overall health. Whenever it is possible, preventing disease is preferable to treating it!

Dental disease can also lead to cardiac and/or kidney disease. The bacteria that collects in your pets mouth also circulates throughout the body contributing to a variety of other diseases

Dental Report Card

gingivitisStage 1—Gingivitis

Plaque and tartar build-up can lead to an infection causing inflammation of the gumsaround the dog’s teeth. Gum tissue around the teeth can become inflamed and swollen.

mild periodontitisStage 2 – Mild Periodontitis

Inflammation progresses to an infection that starts to destroy gum and bone tissue around the teeth. This can lead to discomfort for the dog, and bad breath may be noticeable.

moderate periodontitisStage 3 – Moderate Periodontitis

The conntinuing infection destroys more tissue around the teeth, often causing bleeding gums and loose teeth. The discomfort and pain can affect eating habits.

severe periodontitisStage 4 – Severe Periodontitis

Extensive infection is tearing down even more of the attachment tissues (gum and bone). Teeth are at risk of being lost.