Vaccinations are available to protect your dog against a specific disease or virus. Just as in humans, vaccinations are not 100% effective. Some vaccines will only decrease the symptoms, while others will help provide protection against a virus. All of the vaccinations covered are available for your pet. Each pet’s history and lifestyle should be evaluated when making a choice about vaccinations.
Recommended for all puppies and dogs:
Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvo and Parainfluenza are advised for all puppies and adults. Puppies should receive a vaccine starting at 6 weeks of age, then boostered every 3 weeks until the puppy is 15-16 weeks of age. Additional boosters will be given 1 year later, then every 3 years thereafter.
A Rabies vaccination is required by law and must be given to every pet at 3 months of age. A booster is given one year later, then every 3 years.
A Rattlesnake bite is an emergency that can result in serious injury or death. Rattlesnake venom is a complex mixture of toxins that spread through the body following a bite. Rattlesnake vaccine may defend your dog by creating an immunity that works right away to help neutralize the toxin; however, the efficacy and potency have not been fully demonstrated by the manufacturer of this product.
Factors which may influence the effectiveness of the vaccine include: the type of snake, location of bite and amount of venom injected; how well the dog has responded to the vaccine, and the length of time since the last dose was administered.
Dogs should be vaccinated and given a booster within 3-4 weeks. Each spring, additional boosters should be administered.
BORDETELLA VACCINE (KENNEL COUGH)
Kennel cough is a contagious upper respiratory bacterial and/or viral infection that can spread to dogs of all ages. Kennel cough cannot be transmitted to cats or humans, except in severely immuno-compromised individuals. Normal symptoms can begin in as little as 4 days after exposure and include dry coughing and hacking. Severe cases include a fever and harsh lung sounds. Symptoms may resolve without treatment. Severe cases may require antibiotic therapy and a cough suppressant.
Kennel cough is common in pet shops, dog parks, grooming, boarding, and shelter facilities.
A vaccine should be administered, then boostered 3-4 weeks after the initial vaccination. Vaccines should be given every 6 months if the pet will be introduced to potentially infectious environments. Adults that have been previously vaccinated should receive a booster vaccine at least 3 weeks prior to the introduction to a potentially infectious environment.
CANINE INFLUENZA VACCINE:
H3N8 is a virus known as the “canine flu virus” that can cause respiratory illness. The virus is spread through discharge from the eyes, nose and mouth. Canine influenza can be difficult to diagnose, and patients may take up to 30 days to recover.
Symptoms include a cough, fever, nasal discharge, lethargy and lack of appetite. This virus is contagious to other dogs, but is not contagious to people.
A vaccination is available; however, it may only decrease the severity of the virus and decrease spread of the virus to other dogs. An initial vaccination can be given at 6 weeks of age, followed by a booster 2-4 weeks later, then yearly thereafter. Vaccination is recommended for pets that visit pet shops, dog parks, grooming, boarding, and shelters facilities.
Leptospirosis is contagious to people and causes disease to the liver and kidneys. It is spread through urine, standing water, and mice. The pathogen penetrates through the skin or gums, and invades the blood stream in 4-7 days. Lepto is found worldwide, especially in warm wet climates; the organism can survive 180 days in standing water or damp soil. Given our relatively dry climate, we rarely see it in southern NM. Symptoms may include fever, increased White Blood Cell count, Red Blood Cell loss and/or a yellow tint to the skin. Lepto can be treated, but the success depends on the severity of the disease.
We recommend lepto vaccination for dogs that may be at increased risk based on exposure to endemic areas. For pets traveling to endemic areas, the vaccine should be given and boostered in 3-4 weeks, and then repeated yearly.